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Question 41
A
Separation of powers  
B
Checks and balances  
C
The rule of law  
D
Constitutional law 
Explanation.
Share Answer (C) The rule of law is defined as the supremacy of law over everybody in a political system. Rule of law is seen as a provision made by the constitution with emphasis on supremacy of the law, equality before the law and the presence or inclusion of the principle of individual rights.

Correct Option:
C

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Question 42
A
Judicial functions  
B
Bureaucratic function  
C
Oversight function  
D
Legislative function 
Explanation.
Share Answer (C) In the process of implementing laws, the executive sometimes perform a lot of functions like legislative function and can be called oversight function (C)

Correct Option:
C

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Question 43
A
The Liberation Committee  
B
The Council of Ministers  
C
The Commission for Mediation, Conciliation and Arbitration  
D
The Assembly of Heads of State and Government 
Explanation.
Share Answer OAU was founded on May 25, 1963 at Addis-Ababa, Ethopia. Thirty (30) independent African state attended the inaugural meeting. The assembly of state and government is the highest and most powerful of all the organs of the organization. (D)

Correct Option:
D

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Question 44
A
Africa being the centre piece of Nigeria's foreign policy  
B
Non-aligned posture in international affairs  
C
Quest for a permanent membership of the UN security council  
D
Membership of international organization 
Explanation.
Share Answer (D) Multi-lateralism is the policy of trying to make multiple agreement, that is multiple agreement with many countries.

Correct Option:
D

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Question 45
A
Direct democracy  
B
Representative democracy  
C
Liberal democracy  
D
Benevolent dictatorships 
Explanation.
Share Answer (A) Democracy (direct) was defined as the government of the people, for the people and the population was still small. Now we have indirect democracy, where we have representation government or government of the majority.

Correct Option:
A

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Question 46
A
Greece  
B
Italy  
C
China  
D
Germany 
Explanation.
Share Answer (B) Fascism is a form of government headed by a dictator, in which government has a total control over all activities in the state and people are denied personal liberties as it originated form Italy under Benito Mussolin.

Correct Option:
B

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Question 47
A
Mercantilism  
B
Feudalism  
C
Socialism  
D
Communalism 
Explanation.
Share Answer (B) According to Karl Marx, mode of production started form communalism, next is socialism and finally to communism.

Correct Option:
B

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Question 48
A
connotes civil rule  
B
facilitates popular participation  
C
Provides for a unicameral legislature  
D
Is not associated with one party state 
Explanation.
Share Answer (B) Democracy is a form of government in which the people exercise their governing power either directly or through representation, periodically elected by them. This informs us that democracy provides institution for expression and supremacy of people.

Correct Option:
B

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Question 49
A
Capitalism  
B
Socialism  
C
Fascism  
D
feudalism 
Explanation.
Share Answer (D) The Serf (tenants) pay their landlords annual tribute in money or kind. They are the owner of labour in the feudalism system.

Correct Option:
D

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