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1.

Comprehension

Read the following passages carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Passage I

The best acceptable definition of history is that it is a record of the past actions of mankind, based on surviving evidence, It is this evidence that the historian employs to chronicle and correlate events, by which he arrives at conclusions which he believes to be valid. Hence, the historian is referred to as an interpreter of the development of mankind.

It should be understood that there is more than one way of treating the past. For example, in trying to deal with the revolutions in Nigeria, past and present, the historian may describe the events in a narrative order. Or, he may choose to concentrate on analysis of the general causes, comparing their stages of evolution with the patterns of revolution in other countries.

The historian does not seek to attain the same kind of results as the scientist, who can verify his conclusions by repeating his experiment under controlled conditions. Whilst he also attempt to classify the phenomena, the historian is more likely to consider event in terms of their uniqueness.

Added to this is the fact that history is concerned, fundamentally, with the lives and actions of men, and as such, the historian's search for causes is bound to be relatively subjective, as compared to that by the scientist. In essence, however, historians are agreed and insist that history should be written as scientifically as possible and that the evidence should be analyzed with the same objective attitude employed by the scientist when he examines certain phenomena of nature.

question

1. According to the passage, a historian should try to examine a material ?

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A.

scientifically

B.

subjectively

C.

accurately

D.

objectively


2.
According to the passage, one of the duties of a historian is
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A.
to predict the future
B.
to analyse the past and future
C.
to explain the significance of past events
D.
to interpret the development of mankind

3.
The scientist tends to be more reliable than historian because
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A.
he works in a laboratory
B.
he is better qualified
C.
he can crosschecked his result several time
D.
he has more time to work at his Experiments

4.
Flow can history be scientifically recorded?
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A.
by examining available evidence and analyzing unusual occurrences
B.
by falsifying and fabricating available facts
C.
by speculating on what was and ought to have been
D.
by concealing some of the evidence

5.

History could be defined as

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A.

a record of the evolution of a country

B.

a record of development of mankind

C.

a record of the present actions of mankind based on surviving evidence

D.

a record of the past action of mankind based on surviving evidence


6.

Passage 2

From the apex of the Niger Delta southwards, dry land, overgrown with dense forests still virginal in various spots, gives way to seasonally inundated zones. Here, sweet water swamps with strands of raffia palms gradually merge into tidal swamps of brackish ooze, where mud skippers thrive under the arching roots of mangroves. The Niger, fingering through a thousand creeks, meet the sea in a dozen estuaries. Strong rives currents drifts and mud across the river mouths, scaling tern again and again to navigation.

question

6. Where do mudskippers thrive?

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A.

in the creeks

B.

in the swamps

C.

in the mangroves

D.

in the roots


7.
Fingering through as used in the passage means
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A.
cutting across
B.
passing through
C.
cutting between
D.
passing between

8.
According to the passage, how would you describe a seasonally inundated zone?
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A.
a zone always covered with mud
B.
a zone always covered with shallow water
C.
a zone under water at certain times of the year
D.
a zone subject to heavy rain every season

9.
Where does the Niger meet the sea?
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A.
in the creeks
B.
in the Delta
C.
in the swamps
D.
in the forest

10.
What is brackish ooze?
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A.
a strong river current
B.
a mixture of fresh water and mud
C.
a mixture of fresh water and salt water
D.
fresh and clean water

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