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Question 2 Government 2012 | JAMB/UTME (2012)
A
An organized group within a definite territory 
B
An association of men in a given society 
C
A branch of a nation 
D
A geographical location 
Explanation.
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A state is a type of political entity. It is an organized political community that lives under a single system of government. The main difference between state and government is that the government refers to a particular group of people who control the state at a given time whereas the state is an organized political community.


Correct Option:
A
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Question 3 Government 2012 | JAMB/UTME (2012)
A
political re-orientation 
B
political campaign 
C
political socialization 
D
political indoctrination 
Explanation.
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Political socialization is the "process by which individuals learn and frequently internalize a political lens framing their perceptions of how power is arranged and how the world around them is (and should be) organized; those perceptions, in turn, shape and define individuals' definitions of who they are and how they should behave in the political and economic institutions in which they live." Political socialization also encompasses the way in which people acquire values and opinions that shape their political stance and ideology: it is a "study of the developmental processes by which people of all ages and adolescents acquire political cognition, attitudes, and behaviors." It refers to a learning process by which norms and behaviors acceptable to a well running political system are transmitted from one generation to another. It is through the performance of this function that individuals are inducted into the political culture and their orientations towards political objects are formed. Schools, media, and the state have a major influence in this process.


Correct Option:
C
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Question 4 Government 2012 | JAMB/UTME (2012)
A
legislature 
B
elite 
C
executive 
D
electorate 
Explanation.
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In a democratic government, political authority is vested in the people. it is a form of government in which the people, or some significant portion of them, retain sovereignty over the government and where offices of state are not granted through heritage. 


Correct Option:
D
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Question 5 Government 2012 | JAMB/UTME (2012)
A
Granting of amnesty 
B
Implementing judicial orders 
C
Ensuring obedience to the law 
D
Appointing judges 
Explanation.
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AmnestyAmnesty, in criminal law, sovereign act of oblivion or forgetfulness (from Greek amnsia) for past acts, granted by a government to persons who have been guilty of crimes. ... Amnesty is granted usually for political crimes against the state, such as treason, sedition, or rebellion. the President (executive) has the power to grant amnesty for offences against the States, but understood that this power to grant amnesty was included in the power " to grant pardons


Correct Option:
A
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Question 6 Government 2012 | JAMB/UTME (2012)
A
federal 
B
confederal 
C
unitary 
D
parliamentary 
Explanation.
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A federal government is a system of dividing up power between a central national government and local state governments that are connected to one another by the national government. Some areas of public life are under the control of the national government, and some areas are under control of the local governments.


Correct Option:
A
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Question 7 Government 2012 | JAMB/UTME (2012)
A
parliamentarianism 
B
presidentialism 
C
dictatorship 
D
autocracy 
Explanation.
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A dictatorship is an authoritarian form of government, characterized by a single leader or group of leaders with either no party or a weak party, little mass mobilization, and limited political pluralism. Dictatorship, form of government in which one person or a small group possesses absolute power without effective constitutional limitations. Dictators usually resort to force or fraud to gain despotic political power, which they maintain through the use of intimidation, terror, and the suppression of basic civil liberties. They may also employ techniques of mass propaganda in order to sustain their public support.


Correct Option:
C
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Question 8 Government 2012 | JAMB/UTME (2012)
A
executive 
B
party caucus 
C
legislature 
D
judiciary 
Explanation.
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A bill is proposed legislation under consideration by a legislature. A bill does not become law until it is passed by the legislature and, in most cases, approved by the executive. Once a bill has been enacted into law, it is called an act of the legislature, or a statute. Bills are introduced in the legislature and are discussed, debated and voted upon.


Correct Option:
C
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Question 9 Government 2012 | JAMB/UTME (2012)
A
capitalism 
B
socialism 
C
communalism 
D
communism 
Explanation.
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an economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state.


Correct Option:
A
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Question 10 Government 2012 | JAMB/UTME (2012)
A
masses 
B
vassals 
C
lords 
D
elite 
Explanation.
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Feudalism represented a system in which the occupants and users of the land they lived and worked on were not the owners; they were “tenants” of the “sovereign” – the Lord of the Manor – who legitimized his authority by claiming to offer protection to the occupants in the form of military service.

Peasants or Serfs. Peasants are commoners and lived on the manors of monarchs, nobles, or knights. They were granted the right to farm a plot of land in exchange for working the nobles land.

Lord of the Manor” was often used to denote someone who was in control of land.


Correct Option:
C
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