Government | Study Mode

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Question 1
A
safeguarding life and property 
B
maintaining law and order 
C
providing all the needs of its citizens 
D
providing basic welfare needs 
Explanation.
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1. Law Making
2. Military defence of the country
3. Provision of employment
4. Maintenance of law and order
5. Promotion of economic growth and development
6. Maintaining good relations with other sovereign states or countries (foreign diplomacy)
7. Protection of civil liberties
8. Protection of lives and properties
9. Administration of justice
10. Formulation and implementation of policies
11. Provision of social-welfare services


Correct Option:
C
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Question 2
A
feudalism 
B
monarchy 
C
democracy 
D
totalitarianism 
Explanation.
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Totalitarianism is a political concept of a mode of government that prohibits opposition parties, restricts individual opposition to the state and its claims, and exercises an extremely high degree of control over public and private life.


Correct Option:
D
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Question 3
A
feudalism 
B
socialism 
C
fascism 
D
capitalism 
Explanation.
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Socialism, social and economic doctrine that calls for public rather than private ownership or control of property and natural resources. it isa political and economic theory of social organization which advocates that the means of production, distribution, and exchange should be owned or regulated by the community as a whole.


Correct Option:
B
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Question 4
A
gender and class 
B
loyalty to the party 
C
need and ability 
D
work and residence 
Explanation.
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Communism is a political and economic system that seeks to create a classless society in which the major means of production, such as mines and factories, are owned and controlled by the public. it is a system of government in which all property is owned by the community and each person contributes and receives according to their ability and needs.


Correct Option:
C
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Question 5
A
Jean Bodin 
B
Baron de Montesquieu 
C
A.V Dicey 
D
J.J Rousseau 
Explanation.
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The theory of Doctrine of Separation of Power was first propounded by Montesquieu, a French scholar in and 1747 published in his book Espirit des Louis (The spirit of the laws). Montesquieu found that if the power is concentrated in a single persons hand or a group of people then it results in a tyrannical form of government.


Correct Option:
B
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Question 6
A
maintain law and order 
B
protect foreign interest 
C
Promote development 
D
provide social facilities 
Explanation.
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A state is a political organization with a centralized government that maintains a monopoly by use of force within a certain geographical territory. It must be able to maintain law and order,enforce obedient from its citizens and defend its territoery from external / internal attacks when the need arises.


Correct Option:
A
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Question 7
A
socialization 
B
participation 
C
interaction 
D
culture 
Explanation.
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Political participation is any activity that shapes, affects, or involves the political sphere. Political participation ranges from voting to attending a rally to committing an act of terrorism to sending a letter to a representative.


Correct Option:
B
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Question 8
A
less permanent than a government 
B
more permanent than a government 
C
more changeable than a government 
D
equally permanent with a government 
Explanation.
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Astate isa type of political entity. The maindifference between state and government isthat thegovernmentrefers to a particular group of people who control thestateat a given time whereas thestate isan organized political community with sovereignty and more permanent. Basically, thestatepowerisemployed through thegovernment.


Correct Option:
B
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Question 9
A
a contract between the rulers and the ruled 
B
a preserve of the political party in power 
C
monopoly of the ethnic groups in the majority 
D
alternation of power between the minority and majority tribes 
Explanation.
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Modern democracy in many ways is the opposite of ancient democracy. Modern democracy requires that there must be a constitution, that there must be equality before the law, there must be individual rights and liberties, there must be civil rights and liberties, there must be human rights and there must be the rule of law to enforce those rights and liberties. In modern democracy, governance is a contract between the citizens and the ruled. This means that, the citizens choose people who would represent them (usually through elections) at various levels for a particular period of time, and these representatives are accountable to the people.


Correct Option:
A
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Question 10
A
power 
B
state of emergency 
C
legitimacy 
D
checks and balances 
Explanation.
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A state of emergency is a situation of national danger or disaster in which a government suspends normal constitutional procedures in order to regain control. Once a state of emergnecy is declared, the the principle of the rule of law would be restrained as the actions may be taken that negates the principle to restore normalcy.


Correct Option:
B
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