Government | Study Mode

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Question 1
A
territotrial expansion 
B
political leaders 
C
the various nations of the World 
D
the institutions of the state 
Explanation.
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A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state. In the case of its broad associative definition, government normally consists of legislature, executive, and judiciary. Government is a means by which organizational policies are enforced, as well as a mechanism for determining policy. Each government has a kind of constitution, a statement of its governing principles and philosophy. Typically the philosophy chosen is some balance between the principle


Correct Option:
D
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Question 2
A
can be changed periodically 
B
does not operate in any defined territory 
C
is a loosely organized structure 
D
enforces its will on the people of the State 
Explanation.
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The main difference between state and government is that the government refers to a particular group of people who control the state at a given time whereas the state is an organized political community. Basically, the state power is employed through the government.


Correct Option:
A
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Question 3
A
comes to power through a coup d'etat 
B
is not oppressive 
C
provides social services for the people 
D
has the mandate of the people to rule 
Explanation.
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Legitimacy of government is the popular acceptance of a government, political regime, or system of governance.


Correct Option:
D
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Question 4
A
society 
B
region 
C
state 
D
nation 
Explanation.
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A state is a political organization with a centralized government that maintains a monopoly by use of force within a certain geographical territory. Some states are sovereign, other states are subject to external sovereignty or hegemony, where supreme authority lies in another state. The term "state" also applies to federated states that are members of a federation, which is the sovereign state.


Correct Option:
C
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Question 5
A
anarchy 
B
confusion 
C
coup dtat 
D
nstability 
Explanation.
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Anarchy refers to a society, entity, group of people, or a single person that rejects hierarchy. The word originally meant leaderlessness. The earliest recorded use of the word, from the early 16th century, meant simply absence of government,


Correct Option:
A
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Question 6
A
direct democracy 
B
electoral college 
C
representative democracy 
D
guided democracy 
Explanation.
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Direct democracy or pure democracy is a form of democracy in which people decide on policy initiatives directly. it is a form of democracy in which all laws and policies imposed by governments are determined by the people themselves, rather than by representatives who are elected by the people.


Correct Option:
A
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Question 7
A
oligarchy 
B
democracy 
C
feudalism 
D
Fascism 
Explanation.
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democracy is a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.


Correct Option:
B
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Question 8
A
the highest authority in a state 
B
a state of political independence 
C
unilimited powers of a state to make and enforce laws 
D
the supremacy of political parties 
Explanation.
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1. Permanence This is the major attribute of sovereignty. Sovereignty should exist as long as a state remain independent. Sovereignty is a permanent feature of a state unlike the government.
2. Absoluteness Sovereignty is supreme and absolute. It is not subject to any control or interference.
3. Independence Sovereignty doesnt allow external interference , therefore, a sovereign state is independent and free from external control.
4. Indivisibility The sovereignty of a state is indivisible. It remains single and absolute.
5. Unity Unity is the spirit of Sovereignty. A sovereign state should stay united.
6. Comprehensiveness Every member of the state is subject to the sovereignty of the state. The power of a state is universally applicable.


Correct Option:
D
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Question 10
A
totalitariansim 
B
capitalism 
C
communism 
D
socialism 
Explanation.
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Totalitarianism is a political concept of a mode of government that prohibits opposition parties, restricts individual opposition to the state and its claims, and exercises an extremely high degree of control over public and private life.


Correct Option:
A
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