Government 2012 | Study Mode

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Question 31
A
South- south cooperation
B
Sub-regionalism
C
Globalism
D
Afrocentrism
Explanation

Since independencein 1960,Nigeriaexternalrelationshas been characterized by a focus on Africa as a regional power and by the attachment to several fundamental principles: African unity andindependence; capability to exercise hegemonic influence in the region: peaceful settlement of disputes


Correct option: B
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Question 32
A
perceived incapability of civilians to govern
B
international pressure for change
C
the desire for a military government
D
civilian's desire to relinquish power
Explanation

Corruption and Political Development is Another greatreason for military interventionin politics is political crisis in a country; like in the case ofmilitary interventionsduring the Cold War because the communistic regimes failed against capitalism and democracy. If politicians in a civilian government are perceived to be incompetent in managing the affairs of the country, the military may forcefully take over the government.


Correct option: A
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Question 33
A
supreme military council
B
armed forces ruling council
C
federal executive council
D
provisional ruling council
Explanation

The Supreme Military Council was the body that ruled Nigeria after the 1983 Nigerian coup d'tat. Its chairman, Muhammadu Buhari, was the head of state. It lasted until 1985 when, following another coup, Ibrahim Babangida replaced the body with a new Armed Forces Ruling Council.


Correct option: A
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Question 34
A
Reduce the retrenchment of workers
B
Encourage prompt payment of salaries
C
Improve standard of living
D
Improve the efficiency of enterprises
Explanation

The principle for privatization in Nigeria commenced in 1999 with the aim to diversify totally or partially, the shares owned by the Federal Government, its agencies and parastatals in public. enterprise active or dormant. The primary goal of the privatization in Nigeria is to reduce the dominance of the public sector and to re-structure and rationalize the public sector in order to lessen the dominant unproductive investment in that sector.


Correct option: D
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Question 35
A
civil servants
B
private employees
C
public servants
D
professional employees
Explanation

A person who holds a government position by election or appointment. public servant n 1. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) an elected or appointed holder of a public office 2.

Both the terms Civil Servant and Public Servant look the same in the meaning, but there is a slight difference between them.

Civil means relating to national, public or social aspects. Public also gives a more or less a similar meaning. However, a civil servant can be defined as a bureaucrat hired by the government to work for the public sector. Public servant, on the other hand, is an elected or appointed member of the government for social or public services. This means that, public servants are elected or appointed into public offices and the duration or tenure in office may be relinguished with the emergence of a new government, while civil servants are employed and the status of employment doesnt change with or without a new government untill retirement.


Correct option: C
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Question 36
A
loyalty
B
Economic empowerment
C
Equity
D
Even development
Explanation

Quota system and federal character principles entrenched in the 1979 constitution of the Federal Republic , is to prevent reoccurrence of those ugly incidents that characterized the first republic in which ethnicity was the hallmark.While the quota system came into being prior to Nigerias independence in 1960, the federal character principle became officially recognised in the 1979 constitution. These policies were aimed at addressing the issues of ethnic representation in government,


Correct option: C
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Question 37
A
army
B
navy
C
civil defence corps
D
police
Explanation

Nigeria Police Force. The Nigeria Police Force is the principal law enforcement agency in Nigeria with a staff strength of about 371,800. There are currently plans to increase the force to 650,000, adding 280,000 new recruits to the existing 370,000.


Correct option: D
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Question 38
A
Executing laws
B
interpreting laws
C
Ratifying appointments
D
Making laws
Explanation

The National Assembly of the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a bicameral legislature established under section 4 of the Nigerian Constitution. It consists of a Senate with 109 membersand a 360-memberHouse of Representatives The body, modelled after the federal Congress of the United States, is supposed to guarantee equal representation of the 36 states irrespective of size in the Senate and proportional representation of population in the House. The National Assembly, like many other organs of the Nigerian government, is based in Abuja, in the Federal Capital Territory.

The Assembly has broad oversight functions and is empowered to establish committees of its members to scrutinise bills and the conduct of government officials.


Correct option: D
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Question 39
A
Inadequate public support
B
Population size
C
Inadequate skilled manpower
D
Excessive political interference
Explanation

In this regard all elected officers ranging from the Presidency, the Governors to the Local Government Chairmen should step down before the general election is conducted, this due to the fact that, such officials have influence over the election in their respective domain, they have the power to hijack the electioneering materials thereby dictating the area where ballot boxes would be sent to and not to be sent, in the past election most pulling boot did not receive election material because of fear of losing the area, while the passive area of their victory will be well furnished with electoral materials. This is done right from the inception of taking statistics of eligible voters in the area to the time of registration through the period of the election proper, base on this points raised, I suggest that all elected officials should step aside three months or at most two mouths to the period of the general election. This will also go along way in solving the problem of intimidating any resident electoral commissioner from doing a thorough job thereby conducting a free and fair election.


Correct option: D
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Question 40
A
Training and promotion of public servants
B
Settlement of disputes among individuals
C
Addressing the grievances of individuals and groups
D
Fighting corruption and indiscipline
Explanation

The commission's mission statement reads thus;

MISSION. To promote aneffectiveandefficientservice that is responsible and responsiveto the needs of the citizenry through investigation and resolution of complaints against federal, state, local governments, public corporations and private sector organisations and their officials.


Correct option: C

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