# Principles of Accounting (2017 | Study Mode

Question 31
A
The accounting entries for goods stolen in branch will be to debit
B
branch stock account and credit branch adjustment account
C
branch adjustment account and credit profit and loss account
D
branch adjustment account and credit branch stock account
##### Explanation
A branch account is a small part of business account operating with some degree of independence . It maintains its own personal/self accounting entries to determine the profit/loss made by a specific period of time

The accounting entries is to debit profit and loss account and credit branch stock. The profit and loss is debited because the cost of the stolen goods must be charged against the profit for the period to balance the account and the branch stock account is credited because the cost of the goods is out of the branch already.

Question 32
A

21,901

B

19,021

C

21,109

D

21,091

##### Explanation

Bank reconciliation statement helps to reconcile the cashbook and bank statement if there are disagreement
A is correct: 21,901 is correct because the cheque wrongly debited by the bank will have increase the bank balance therefore to get the value of the bank statement needed to first of all add back the cashbook

Question 33
A
sales
B
carriage outward
C
carriage inward
D
opening stock
##### Explanation
carriage outward: it is the cost of transporting goods from the company to the buyer. it is on debit side of the profit and loss account because it is an expenses incurred on distributing the goods to customer.

Question 34
A
the partnership experiences super profit
B
C
D
##### Explanation
The partnership experiences super profit: super profit is the profit that is generated by intangible asset or the profit that is attributed by the tangible asset when such profit is capitalized we get intangible asset or goodwill

Question 35
A

3850

B

6650

C

1550

D

6850

##### Explanation

Dr Total Debtors Control A/c Cr

$$\begin{array}{c|c} \text{bal b/f.....4,000} & \text{Cash received..... 8,500} \\ \hline \text{Credit sales.....6,850} & \text{Bad debt written off.....50} \\ \hline & \text{Dr. Allowed.....500} \\ \hline & \text{bal c/d.....1,500} \\ \hline 10,850 & 10,850 \\ \hline \text{bal b/d.....1,500} & \end{array}$$

D is correct 6850 as the sales for the year accordingly to the above calculations
The total debtors account is meant to control the transactions with customers whether in cash or credits and to know the remaining cash receivables from customers.

Question 36
A
II and IV only
B
I,II and IV only
C
I,II and III only
D
II,III and IV only
##### Explanation
Dissolution of partnership business simply means the break up of partnership business and which are caused by many factors
II,III and IV: disposal of asset does not constitute dissolution

Question 37
A
cash discount
B
C
cash transaction
D
Bank transaction
##### Explanation
A cash discount is a deduction allowed by the seller of goods or by the provider of services in order to motivate the customer to pay within a specified time

Question 38
A
B
allowed to a debtor
C
D
allowed to a creditor
##### Explanation
Allowed to a debtor: the debit side of the cashbook is where all proceeds from sales are recorded and have to be matched with the discount allowed to the debtor /creditor

Question 39
A
Consolidated Revenue Fund
B
Consolidated Reserve Fund
C
Special Operational Fund
D
General-Reserve Fund
##### Explanation
consolidation revenue fund generate its revenue through allocation from the federation account, court fees and fines etc and is used to finance government operation e g cost, overhead

Question 40
A

4207

B

9527

C

6907

D

9877

##### Explanation

$$\begin{array}{c|c} & \text{} & \text{} \\ \hline \text{Balance as per cash book} & & 5469 \\ \hline \text{Unpresented cheque} & 19494 & \\ \hline \text{Cheque wrongly debited} & 1440 & 20844 \\ \hline & & 26,311 \\ \hline \text{Uncredited cheque} & & 4410 \\ \hline \text{Balnce as per bank statement} & & 21,901\end{array}$$

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